- Public Works
Storm Water Quality Management Plan
Mandated by Congress under the EPA’s Clean Water Act, the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Stormwater Program is a comprehensive national program for addressing polluted storm water runoff.
Fairfield is regulated under that program and must develop and follow a storm water quality management plan to operate its storm sewer system. The plan is based on six different types of activities:
- Public Education
- Public Involvement
- Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination
- Construction Site Runoff Control
- Post-Construction Storm Water Management
- Improving Municipal Operations
Public Education and Outreach
These activities educate the public regarding storm water quality and pollution prevention:
- Storm water Web page (you're in it now).
- Newsletter articles in the Fairfield Flyer, a quarterly newsletter that is sent to all residents of Fairfield.
- Display of educational materials at the local library, Fairfield Municipal Building and other public venues.
- A flyer describing actions that can be taken by residents and businesses to reduce storm water pollution.
- An educational video shown periodically on public access television.
- An educational program for Fairfield elementary schools using an Enviroscape model that explains the urban storm water cycle and how pollution occurs.
- Pet waste collection stations at ten of Fairfield's public parks.
Public Involvement and Participation
These five activities develop public support and improve the effectiveness of the storm water program:
- Public hearings. An initial public hearing was held on January 14, 2003. A second public hearing will be held at the end of the five-year permit term to update the public and city council on the status of the program and receive additional input.
- Formal adoption of plan by City Council: The storm water quality management plan was formally adopted by the Fairfield City Council in February 2003.
- Storm drain marking on curb inlets throughout Fairfield.
- Tree planting program: The City of Fairfield has been recognized as a "Tree City" by the National Arbor Foundation since 1995. A key activity in the City's reforestation program is the use of volunteers to plant trees on City property. The City will continue its support of this program with a goal of planting at least 50 trees annually.Stormwater hotline: The City has designated a contact person to receive questions and complaints regarding storm water quality. If you have a question or comment about a storm water quality issue, please call 513-867-4200 and ask for the city engineer. Or you can send an email message to email@example.com.
Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination
These activities identify and eliminate any non-storm water discharges into the storm sewer system that may contain pollutants.
- Storm sewer mapping: The City developed a digital map of the public storm sewer system using geographic information system (GIS) software. This map contains basic information about all components of the public storm sewer system.Ordinance prohibiting illicit discharges: The City has updated an ordinance prohibiting illicit discharges into the storm sewer system.
- Field program to detect and address illicit discharges: The City hasdeveloped a program for the detection and elimination of illicit discharges. This program includes field inspection of outfalls, water quality analysis and identification of any illicit discharges found.
- Educate public employees: The City has developed a training programfor City staff to provide information on the hazards of illegal discharges and improper waste disposal.
- Educate businesses and the general public: The public education program includes information on the hazards of illegal discharges and improper waste disposal. This information was and will be presented in newsletter articles, the storm water flyer, at the storm water Web site and other public education and outreach efforts.
- Spill response program: The City of Fairfield is a member of the Greater Cincinnati Hazardous Materials Unit, a regional response team that covers a number of counties and cities located in the greater Cincinnati area. In coordination with the Fairfield Fire Department, the Greater Cincinnati Hazardous Materials Unit provides spill containment services to Fairfield.
Construction Site Storm Water Runoff Control
The following three activities reduce the amount of pollutants that may be present in construction site runoff:
- Erosion and sediment control ordinance: Through Ordinance 1117, the City hasupdated its ordinances requiring erosion and sediment control measures for all new development and redevelopment projects in Fairfield. It also specifies which department staff is responsible for different types of development projects.
- Adoption of erosion and sediment control manual: Through Ordinance 1117, the City specifies that the most current addition of the Rainwater and Land Development manual will serve as Fairfield's standard document for erosion and sediment control measures. This manual is the reference document currently used by the Ohio Department of Natural Resources for erosion and sediment control.
- City staff training: The Cityhas developed a training program for inspectors in the Public Works and Planning departments. This training is focused on the proper installation and maintenance of erosion and sediment control measures and verification that a given set of measures provides adequate protection.
Post-Construction Storm Water Management
These activities encourage the use of storm water quality facilities in new development and redevelopment projects:
- Storm water detention: Through Ordinance 1182, the City requires on-site detention/retention for all new development and redevelopment projects that result in an increased amount of impervious surface. Specifically, this ordinance requires the construction of facilities that reduce a 100-year post-developed peak flow rate from a site to the 2-year pre-developed level. The storm water quality benefits of the detention/retention facilities include the reduction of peak flows which can erode stream channels and the pollutant removal characteristic of retention ponds.
- Wellhead protection program: Under City Ordinance 1192, portions of Fairfield have been delineated into a set of districts, collectively referred to as the "wellhead protection area." Development within these districts is regulated for the protection of groundwater resources. These regulations include restrictions on new businesses with a high pollution risk potential, registration of existing facilities and requirements for spill control plans. This ordinance provides storm water quality benefits because it addresses a number of potential pollution sources (hazardous material spills, industrial operations involving hazardous materials, etc.) and provides authority to assess penalties for non-compliance. The Hamilton to New Baltimore Groundwater Consortium maintains the most recent mapping data related to sensitive areas of the aquifer.
- Maintenance of regional basins: The City conducts regular inspection, vegetation maintenance and clearing of the outlet trash-racks for its two regional detention basins, site 'A' and site 'C'.
- Inspect/inventory residential basins: The City hascreated an inventory of and inspects detention/retention basins located in residential subdivisions. The purpose of the inspections is to verify their condition, with particular emphasis given to structural components such as inlet pipes, headwalls, outlet structures, and paved gutter. Where damaged components are found, their repair and replacement is scheduled into the small drainage project program or capital improvement program.
- Curb inlet replacement program: Fairfield is replacing existing curb inlets with new inlets that have grates stamped with a fish logo and the message "Dump No Waste." These stamped inlets are also being used in new development, redevelopment and public roadway improvement projects, whenever possible. The use of the stamped inlets serves the same purpose as the storm drain marking described above.
- Post-Construction practices: For new development or redevelopment projects that disturb at least 1 acre, the City will verify that those projects comply with the "Post-Construction Storm Water Management" section of the Ohio EPA's general construction NPDES permit. This requires that BMPs such as vegetated swales, extended detention basins, retention basins, or other water quality treatment measures be included in the construction of those projects.
Pollution Prevention/Good Housekeeping
The six planned activities prevent storm water pollution associated with municipal activities.
- Drainage crew operations: The City hasestablished a crew within the Public Works Department with responsibility for maintaining and repairing the public storm drainage system. Their operations include inspection of the storm sewer system, catch basin cleaning, making necessary repairs to the system and removing log-jams from City streams.
- Street sweeping program: The City contracts with an outside vendor for street sweeping services. The street sweeping program involves cleaning of all curbed streets within the city (approximately 232 curb miles) and four publicly-owned parking lots. The frequency of cleaning varies from once a week in the City center area to bi-monthly in lower-use residential streets.
- Leaf/brush pickup programs: The City provides leaf and brush pick-up services that are available to all city residents free of charge. The leaf pick-up program begins operation early November and continues until early January. All areas of the City receive the pick-up service three times over this period. The collected leaves are deposited at a City-owned lot for composting. The brush pick-up program, which is provided upon request, begins in April and continues until October. The collected brush is transported to a local waste disposal company, Rumpke, where it is composted. <<LINK TO YARD WASTE PAGES>>
- Fleet maintenance program: The City's fleet maintenance program minimizes the potential for any storm water pollution. Preventative measures used include the following:
Snow removal program: The City's current snow removal program is based on the use of salt and calcium chloride. Although the amounts can vary widely from year to year, an average of 3,000 tons of salt and 1,800 gallons of calcium chloride are used annually. The salt is stored in a 4,000 ton capacity salt barn. All calcium chloride is stored in a 5,600-gallon tank.
City staff training: The City has developed a training program for selected City staff involved in activities that could impact storm water quality. These staff members include representatives from the Parks and Public Works Departments. The training is focused on minimizing the potential for storm water pollution from park and golf course maintenance, fleet maintenance, street maintenance and storm sewer maintenance. These training sessions are conducted bi-annually.
- All City fleet maintenance operations are conducted within the main garage at the Public Works facility. This area is completely enclosed and features numerous spill control measures.
- The Public Works facility includes an enclosed truck wash which is used to wash City-owned vehicles. Wash-water is discharged to the sanitary sewer system.
- All waste oil generated through fleet maintenance operations will be either re-used on-site in a waste oil furnace or recycled.
- The City uses only above-ground fuel storage tanks which are equipped with leak detection.